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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Youth for Positive Hygiene Behaviours

Among Tanzania’s population of 57 million, a high proportion of people are unaware of how important practicing hygiene behaviours such as handwashing is for tackling the spread of disease. The COVID-19 pandemic made the need for good hygiene more important than ever. Youth 4 Positive Hygiene Behaviours (Y4PHB) is a six-month intervention funded through UK Aid from the UK government that aims to equip and mobilise young people with the skills to inform and lead positive hygiene behaviour interventions in Tanzania. The project centres around the energetic WASH campaign #KijanaNiUsafi (translating as ‘youth is hygienic’), which began in November 2020 and is delivered across four regions - Morogoro, Dodoma, Iringa and Dar es Salaam. The project aims to see sustained practice of positive hygiene behaviours among 48,000 Tanzanian young people. 28 Youth Campaign Champions are delivering campaign messaging through social media, radio broadcasts, TV appearances and live events. 120 Youth Hygiene Influencers are working alongside a network of 2,400 Youth Hygiene Advocates to share information on positive WASH behaviours and practices with their peers and other members of their communities, helping them understand actions they can take towards improved hygiene practices.

Healthier Lives: Happier Homes

Healthier Lives Happier Homes (HLHH) was borne from the desire to find innovative, more effective ways of supporting the uptake of positive hygiene behaviours in rural Tanzanian communities. Our corporate partner Reckitt worked alongside Tanzanian youth to design behaviour-centred WASH interventions that were rolled out over an 18-month period. Young Tanzanians trained 245 babbas (fathers) in WASH practices, supporting them to play a leading role in cascading positive hygiene behaviours across their communities. The babbas co-led a series of community meetings and events, including cinema nights, which were attended by over 6,000 people and increased knowledge of how to tackle some of the communities’ biggest WASH challenges. 400 school children were trained as SWASH Heroes – young leaders championing good WASH practices among their peers and families. By the end of 2020, 800 children across 20 communities had been engaged through SWASH clubs. The HLHH project also worked alongside 75 vendors selling WASH products such as soap and washing powder. They were trained on business development and marketing campaigns to ensure the availability and market for relevant WASH products in their communities. An evaluation of the HLHH’s project impact is due to take place in mid-2021.

Youth School Sanitation and Hygiene (YoSSH)

Everyone has a right to safe water and sanitation. Yet in Tanzania, just 25% of the population use safely managed sanitation services. It is vital that people undertake simple hygiene behaviours in their daily lives to keep themselves and others safe from illness. Yet many do not have the awareness, support, and facilities to do so. In schools, toilets and hand washing facilities are often unsafe, lack privacy, and are inaccessible leading to children falling sick and missing lessons. This particularly affects young girls. YoSSH increases access to safe sanitation and hygiene facilities for children in rural primary schools in Tanzania’s Dodoma and Morogoro regions. We work alongside local experts to construct gender-appropriate sanitation blocks and wider WASH facilities. Young people harness their energy and influence to empower pupils to become champions of good hygiene behaviours in their schools and communities. We work closely with young people’s clubs, communities, school management committees and others to ensure a sustained legacy of maintained and effective school sanitation facilities. We have supported young people to affect lasting change through our WASH programming in Tanzania since 2014. Between 2018 and 2020 alone, young WASH champions provided access to safe sanitation and hygiene facilities for 6722 children in rural schools through YoSSH, and drove a significant uptake in safe hygiene behaviours among 26,443 people living in ten communities.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Nepal

15% of Nepal’s population, particularly those in rural areas, are not reached by safe water and sanitation infrastructure and the water supply coverage in Gorkha and Makwanpur districts is far below the national average. Many communities collect water from sources that are unsafe and provide insufficient quantities for domestic and agricultural use. Knowledge and practice of safe hygiene behaviours is lacking, and sanitation facilities in schools are often poor or absent. This project, due to be delivered through Raleigh’s 2021 Cycle 3 Expedition, will improve access to and use of safe WASH for 2,000 people and 400 school children across 8 communities and 2 schools in Gorkha and Makwanpur. It will increase access to safe water through the construction and rehabilitation of water supply schemes and to sanitation and hygiene infrastructure through the construction of latrines and handwashing stations. Knowledge and practice of safe WASH behaviours including effective Menstrual Hygiene Management will be built through behaviour change campaign activities. Members of 8 Water User Committees will be trained and supported on managing and maintaining their water schemes, building local governance capacity to help ensure a sustainable safe water supply in the future.