With little access to decent education and work, young people and their communities living on the edge of Tanzania’s forest nature reserves are forced to resort to encroaching on forest reserves’ vital biodiversity to make an income for themselves and their loved ones. Large areas of the forest are currently being destroyed to make way for cash crops such as maize, rice and cardamom. Through RISE, we are working with young people, local communities, authorities and the reserves themselves to provide a sustainable alternative. RISE supports the development of successful enterprises led by young people which are both environmentally and economically sustainable. We improve the skills and knowledge of young people and establish long-term support systems. Young people create their own Youth Enterprise Groups to provide peer-to-peer support, establish their own savings and loans schemes and form links with training and finance providers. Since RISE started in 2019, 325 young people have received training in entrepreneurial skills and 100 youth entrepreneurs have accessed finance and established sustainable enterprises to date.
Despite their global ecological significance, Tanzania’s forests are currently being lost at a rate of 300,000-400,000 hectares each year, more than twice the global average. In response to the urgent need for climate action, young people in Tanzania are leading a campaign called ‘#KeshoTutachelewa’ (Tomorrow Is Too Late). The campaign will support young people across the country to plant 10 million trees. This will help reverse deforestation in rural areas impacted by farming and the use of wood for fuel. The campaign will turn negative environmental behaviours into positive ones among young people, supporting decision makers to put in place positive environmental policies and mobilise a generation of young Tanzanians to act for the future of their peers, their communities, and their country. Since launching the campaign, thousands of young people have planted trees in seven regions across Tanzania and relationships have been built with local partners to ensure project sustainability.
Tanzania receives significant development and public sector investment, but robust accountability systems are weak, and communities rarely have a means through which to hold duty-bearers responsible. This reduces the effectiveness, impact and value for money of these investments. Funded through UK Aid from the UK government, the four-year Social Accountability through Youth (SAY) project empowers young people and marginalised groups to monitor projects in their communities. Using our technical partner Integrity Action’s DevelopmentCheck app, young people identify challenges and work with other community members, implementing actors and authorities to discuss and fix these problems. Now in its final year of delivery, the project’s 358 Community Monitors (CMs) and 36 Youth Cluster Coordinators (YCCs) have so far identified 3,961 problems and worked with their community Joint Working Groups to resolve 3,041 of these (a 77% Fix-Rate), benefitting over 750,000 people and increasing the effectiveness of projects totalling more than £15 million. The project’s 14 SAY Campaign Coordinators have increased knowledge of social accountability mechanisms across a further 1,241 communities, with individuals in 30 of these now also monitoring their community projects. A recent evaluation of SAY indicated that 99% of the young people engaged feel they are role models for their peers and believe they are generating increased impact in their communities, while there has also been a significant shift in the way community members perceive and interact with youth.
Healthier Lives Happier Homes (HLHH) was borne from the desire to find innovative, more effective ways of supporting the uptake of positive hygiene behaviours in rural Tanzanian communities. Our corporate partner Reckitt worked alongside Tanzanian youth to design behaviour-centred WASH interventions that were rolled out over an 18-month period. Young Tanzanians trained 245 babbas (fathers) in WASH practices, supporting them to play a leading role in cascading positive hygiene behaviours across their communities. The babbas co-led a series of community meetings and events, including cinema nights, which were attended by over 6,000 people and increased knowledge of how to tackle some of the communities’ biggest WASH challenges. 400 school children were trained as SWASH Heroes – young leaders championing good WASH practices among their peers and families. By the end of 2020, 800 children across 20 communities had been engaged through SWASH clubs. The HLHH project also worked alongside 75 vendors selling WASH products such as soap and washing powder. They were trained on business development and marketing campaigns to ensure the availability and market for relevant WASH products in their communities. An evaluation of the HLHH’s project impact is due to take place in mid-2021.
Everyone has a right to safe water and sanitation. Yet in Tanzania, just 25% of the population use safely managed sanitation services. It is vital that people undertake simple hygiene behaviours in their daily lives to keep themselves and others safe from illness. Yet many do not have the awareness, support, and facilities to do so. In schools, toilets and hand washing facilities are often unsafe, lack privacy, and are inaccessible leading to children falling sick and missing lessons. This particularly affects young girls. YoSSH increases access to safe sanitation and hygiene facilities for children in rural primary schools in Tanzania’s Dodoma and Morogoro regions. We work alongside local experts to construct gender-appropriate sanitation blocks and wider WASH facilities. Young people harness their energy and influence to empower pupils to become champions of good hygiene behaviours in their schools and communities. We work closely with young people’s clubs, communities, school management committees and others to ensure a sustained legacy of maintained and effective school sanitation facilities. We have supported young people to affect lasting change through our WASH programming in Tanzania since 2014. Between 2018 and 2020 alone, young WASH champions provided access to safe sanitation and hygiene facilities for 6722 children in rural schools through YoSSH, and drove a significant uptake in safe hygiene behaviours among 26,443 people living in ten communities.
Among Tanzania’s population of 57 million, a high proportion of people are unaware of how important practicing hygiene behaviours such as handwashing is for tackling the spread of disease. The COVID-19 pandemic made the need for good hygiene more important than ever. Youth 4 Positive Hygiene Behaviours (Y4PHB) is a six-month intervention funded through UK Aid from the UK government that aims to equip and mobilise young people with the skills to inform and lead positive hygiene behaviour interventions in Tanzania. The project centres around the energetic WASH campaign #KijanaNiUsafi (translating as ‘youth is hygienic’), which began in November 2020 and is delivered across four regions - Morogoro, Dodoma, Iringa and Dar es Salaam. The project aims to see sustained practice of positive hygiene behaviours among 48,000 Tanzanian young people. 28 Youth Campaign Champions are delivering campaign messaging through social media, radio broadcasts, TV appearances and live events. 120 Youth Hygiene Influencers are working alongside a network of 2,400 Youth Hygiene Advocates to share information on positive WASH behaviours and practices with their peers and other members of their communities, helping them understand actions they can take towards improved hygiene practices.